A direct descendant of the first Scots king, Kenneth MacAlpin,
and last of the Celtic kings. Alexander saw off threats from the
Vikings and the English; he presided over a strong economy; and
his self-assured reign was a golden age for Scotland. But his
early death and the successive deaths of his heirs plunged Scotland
into a struggle for its existence which was resolved only with
the victory at Bannockburn in 1314.