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Cadzow Castle

Cadzow Castle South Lanarkshire Scotland

During the 12th and 13th Centuries the castle was the home of the Kings of Scotland, including David I. Later the castle seems to have been the property of the Comyn family, but during the reign of John de
Baliol the lands fell once again into the hands of the Crown. After the Battle of Bannockburn (1314) Robert the Bruce granted Cadzow to the Hamilton family, who built the present castle, which is now in ruins. This typical tower-house of 1540 was erected for the then-Duke of Hamilton, who was also Duke of Chatelherault in France- a title granted by Henri II. His French associations gave Cadzow Castle a continental air. unusual in Scottish castles.

In 1570 the castle was besieged by Sir William Drury, commander of the English troops who was assisting Lennox in his fight against the Hamiltons and others of the Queen's friends. The Captain of the castle, Arthur Hamilton, refused to surrender for two days but eventually agreed on condition that the lives of the garrison were spared. In 1579 the castle was besieged again by Regent Morton's troops, and was dismantled and left as a ruin.

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