of the War of American Independence
Originally a gardeners son, John Paul, as he started out,
began his seafaring life early, working from 12 years on a slave
ship. An inheritance in Virginia let him settle in America,
and he volunteered for the US navy at the outbreak of war with
Britain. He led several daring raids into British and European
waters. He later fought with the French and Russian navies,
and was made a rear-admiral by Catherine the Great of Russia.