Doctor, missionary and one of the first to explore the Dark
Continent, Livingstone was a 19th-century hero. He explored
and mapped much of central Africa, discovering the Victoria
Falls in 1855. He ultimately abandoned his missionary work in
favour of exploration. He also became a vehement anti-slavery
campaigner, having witnessed the horrors of the slave-trade
first-hand. He was presumed lost on his final trip, to find
the source of the Nile, and only found by investigative reporter
H. M. Stanley of the New York Herald; Stanleys first words,
Dr Livingstone, I presume?, have passed into history.
Livingstone would not be persuaded to leave Africa and he died
the following year. He is buried in Westminster Abbey.