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Robert Barclay (1648-1690) - Divine

He was born on 23rd December, 1648 at Gordonstoun near Elgin and was educated at the Scots College in Paris. He returned to Scotland in 1664 and followed his father into the Quaker faith, becoming one of its principal apologists. Barclay's publications on Quakerism are: Truth Cleared of Calumnies (1670), A Catechism and Confession of Faith (1673) and, his most important work, An Apology for the True Christian Divinity (1676), which is dedicated to Charles II. He was imprisoned several times for his beliefs but he eventually found a protector in James II, and in 1682 he was appointed nominal governor of the state of East New Jersey, which had been established as a Quaker colony. He died on 3 October 1690.

Works: Truth Cleared of Calumnies (1670); William Michel Unmasked (1672); A Catechism and Confession of Faith (1673); An Apology for [he True Christian Divinity (1676); Universal Love Considered (1677); Epistola amatoria (1678); Theologiae vere Christianae apologica (1678); Possibility and Necessity of Inward Immediate Revelation of the Spirit of God (1686); Truth Triumphant through Spiritual Warfare (1692); Theses theologicae (1711); Serious Considerations on Absolute Predestination (1741); An Anarchy of the Ranters (1771).

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