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Roman Gladiators

GladiatorsGladiators: 100 BC-AD 200 (Warrior) The Gladiatorial games of the Ancient Roman world used prisoners of war, conquered slaves or condemned criminals as dispensable "extras". Some, however, volunteered for the profession and their fame spread throughout the Empire, from tavern to Imperial Palace. This title relates how these combatants were encouraged to draw their opponents' blood and prolong his death, thus giving the public what they wanted to see. It relates how they were recruited and trained, and many types of gladiator are covered, from the net-wielding Retiarius to the fish-helmeted Myrmilo.

Gladiators at PompeiiGladiators at Pompeii The brutal, thrilling world of gladiators was a popular motif in the art of Pompeii, as this informative book demonstrates. Gladiators at Pompeii, illustrated with striking Pompeiian depictions of these ancient combatants, presents a complete picture of the gladiators of the Roman Empire and the highly organized and regulated tournaments in which they competed. Luciana Jacobelli reveals the latest evidence on the best-documented categories of gladiators, their origins, social status, equipment and training. Originally staged for the funeral rights of prominent Roman citizens, gladiatorial games eventually became a tool for career politicians to both gain popularity and appease the often turbulent masses. While most gladiators were slaves or prisoners of war forced into a career of battle, others were criminals or free men from prominent families who aspired to fame and fortune. Surprisingly, there are even records of women gladiators.

World of the GladiatorThe World of the Gladiator The gladiatorial contest was the high point of the bloody sports witnessed in Rome's Colosseum and in other amphitheatres throughout the Roman empire. This is the first popular book to explore all aspects of gladiatorial life: its beginnings under the Republic; the organisation of the spectacle; the day-to-day-life of a gladiator; a typical show from start to finish; the equipment, weapons and armour used; the symbolic role of the gladiator in society; and the fascination of the gladiatorial spectacle within a twenty-first-century context.

Gladiators at the GuildhallGladiators at the Guildhall: The Story of London's Roman Amphitheatre and Medieval Guildhall For over a hundred years people had searched for the Roman amphitheatre of London. In 1988, during a dig at the City's medieval Guildhall, the astonishing discovery was made. The curving stone walls of the arena and timber beams for the seating tiers confirmed that the gladiators' place of spectacle, lost for over 1500 years - had finally been found. The amphitheatre lay abandoned for centuries until, when little more than a hollow in the landscape, it became the site of a Viking trading settlement. The dig revealed some of the most complete remains of 11th-century timber houses to be found anywhere in Europe, showing how London thrived under King Cnut and the Danes. These simple buildings gave way to the first Guildhall, which evolved into a complex building at the political and economic heart of the medieval City. Gladiators at the Guildhall tells a tale of archaeological discovery, and of a place that resounds with the clash of Roman gladiators, the clamour of vikings bartering with merchants from Byzantium, and the chanting of medieval priests as Dick Whittington is elected mayor for the third time..

Roman GamesCruelty and Civilization: Roman Games The great spectacles of Ancient Rome were not merely casual entertainment, a matter of choice for the audience, like the modern theatre. Under the Empire the games had become a public opiate and they ended by giving the daily life of Rome its rhythm and lustre. From one year to the next, the Roman citizens lived in anticipation of the games; they provided excitement and helped the citizens forget the mediocrity of their own condition and their lack of political power. In the course of endless festivals, the most minutely organised productions were staged at vast expense, and Rome developed its own cult of the 'star'. This cult was not the product of nave popular imagery: idols and outcasts at the same time, yet doomed to a bloody death, the champions of the arena were the instruments of collective pleasure. Roland Auguet has not restricted himself to the detailed reconstruction of these spectacles; he has also analyzed the emotions of the crowd and the motives of the rulers. He explains why the games were so important in the life of the city and what the popularity of these spectacles, this strange combination of Cruelty and Civilization, reveals about the mentality of the citizens of Rome.

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