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Glens of Scotland

Glen Affric
(Gaelic Gleann Afraig) The forested valley of the
River Affric which flows northeast through Loch Affric to join the River Glass near Cannich. The glen is surrounded by Munros, making it popular with walkers and climbers. Glenaffric Forest also offers walks and wildlife.

Glen Artney
Valley of the Water of Ruchill which flows northeast and then north to join the River Earn near Comrie. It appears in Sir Walter Scott’s The Lady of the Lake.

Glen Brittle
Valley of the River Brittle which flows from the Cuillins in Skye, west and then south to enter Loch Brittle. The village of Glenbrittle lies on the coast at the end of the glen.


Glencalvie Valley in Sutherland of the Water of Glencalvie
which flows north to join the River Carron, now a large sporting estate; Glencalvie Lodge has self—catering accommodation. The name has become a poignant memorial to the Highland Clearances. In 1845 the people of Glencalvie were evicted from their homes by the Duke of Sutherland and took shelter in nearby Croick Church, one of the Parliamentary churches, built in overcrowded
parts of the Highlands in the 1820s. The words they scratched on windows can still be seen today: Glen Calvie people was in the churchyard May 24th 1845, and Glen Calvie people the wicked generation.

Glen Clova
One of the Angus glens, to the north of Kirriemuir,
through which the River South Esk runs. The 16th-century Clova Castle, a home of the Ogilvies, is a ruin.

Glencoe
(Gaelic Gleann Comhann) Dramatic mountainous
valley lying between Rannoch Moor to the southeast and Loch Leven to the north. The village of Glencoe is near Loch Leven. The main A82 road from Fort William to Glasgow runs throughthe glen, which is popular with tourists; offering walking, climbing and skiing. Most of the area has belonged to the National Trust for Scotland since the 1930s. It is forever associated with the events of February 1692, known as the Massacre of Glencoe. As part of an agreement with the Jacobite chiefs loyal to the exiled James, King William required an oath of allegiance. Alasdair MacIan, chief of the MacDonalds of
Glencoe, was prevented by bad weather and misunderstanding from taking the oath within the set time. This failure was used as an excuse for a savage primitive strike originally aimed at MacDonell of Glengarry: The MacDonalds of Glencoe became the new victims. Troops guartered in local homes for 12 days, enjoying their hospitality, turned one morning and murdered 38 of the clan, including the chief and some of his family. John Dalrymple, Master of Stair, Secretary of State for Scotland (later 1st Earl of Stair), was believed to be responsible, but the reputation of King William in Scotland was also damaged. These events are explored along
with other aspects of the history and environment of the area in the Glencoe Visitor Centre.

Glen Derry
(Gaelic Gleann Doire) Valley in the Cairngorms of the Derry Burn which flows south to join the Lui Water at
Derry Lodge.

Glen Dessary
Valley of the River Dessary which flows southeast from Garbh Chioch Mhor, to join the River Pean just to the west of the head of Loch Arkaig. The village of Glendessary is near the foot of the Glen.

Glendevon
Valley of the River Devon running east through the
Ochil Hills to the village of Glendevon. It has 3 water-supply reservoirs for Fife. The 15th-century Glendevon Castle belonged to William Douglas, 8th Earl of Douglas. It was extensively rebuilt in later centuries, and is now privately owned.

Glen Docherty
Valley that runs from a point 5 miles west of
Achnasheen northwest to Kinlochewe. There are excellent views of Loch Maree and the mountains surrounding it.

Glen Doll
One of the Angus glens, a valley of the White Water
which flows southeast to join the South Esk at the head of Glen Clova. Surrounded by mountains, it is a popular glen for walkers.

Glen Douglas
Valley of the Douglas Water which flows east-wards to enter Loch Lomond at Inverbeg.

Gleneagles
Valley running through the Ochil Hills. The lands
belonged for many centuries to the Haldane family. Their medieval castle, now ruined, was abandoned in favour of
Gleneagles House, built in 1720; its main block was never
constructed. A 12th—century chapel, rebuilt in the 16th century, which gave the glen its name (from Gaelic eaglais meaning church church) was restored in 1925 as a family war memorial. The name Gleneagles is now synonymous with the internationally renowned 5-star hotel near Auchterarder, planned by the Caledonian Railway in 1909 and built 1913—25 to designs by James Miller and Matthew Adams. It has 2 championship golf
courses and 2 others, and a prize—winning restaurant.

Glenelg
(Gaelic Gleann Eilg) Village in a remote Highland
peninsula, lying across the Sound of Sleat from Skye. A ferry crosses to Kylerhea, following a route once popular with cattle drovers. Two well-preserved brochs are nearby, in the care of Historic Scotland. The area featured in Gavin Maxwell’s novel Ring of Bright Water and a cairn marks the site of his cottage.

Glen Esk
The most easterly of the Angus glens, the valley of the
River North Esk, which flows east from the Grampian mountains and then southeast. The Glen Esk Folk Museum, housed in a former shooting lodge, is at Tarfside, 9 miles northwest of Edzell.

Glen Etive
(Gaelic Gleann Eite) Mountainous valley of the River
Etive, running southwest from Glen Coe to Loch Etive.

Glenfarclas Distillery at Ballindalloch, established in 1836,
which produces a well-known malt whisky. It still belongs to the Grant family, who acquired it in 1865. It has a visitor centre.

Glen Feshie
(Gaelic Gleann Feisidh) The valley, to the west of the
Cairngorms, of the River Feshie which flows northwards to join the River Spey at Kincraig. The River contains the best example in the UK of a braided reach, where the river flows in several shallow interconnected channels. Glenfeshie Forest lies to the east.

Glenfiddich Distillery on Speyside, near Dufftown. One ot the best-known malt whisky distilleries, it was one of the first to popularise the drinking of single malts in the 1960s. It was founded in 1887 by William Grant.

Glenfinnan
(Gaelic Gleann Fhionain) Village at the mouth of Glen Finnan and at the head of Loch Shiel, on the ‘Road to the
Isles’ from Fort William to Mallaig. It was here that Prince
Charles Edward Stewart gathered his supporters and raised his standard at the start of the 1745 Jacobite Rising. A column topped with a statue of a clansman stands as a memorial on the lochside, erected by Alexander Macdonald ot Glenaladale in 1815; the National Trust for Scotland runs a visitor centre nearby. Glenfinnan is also known as one of the most spectacular
points on the West Highland Railway line, with an impressive 21 arch concrete viaduct, built by Sir Robert MacAlpine.

Glen Fruin
Valley, near Helensburgh, of the Fruin Water which flows southeast to Loch Lomond. In 1603 a battle here between the Colquhouns and the MacGregors led to
the proscription ot the MacGregors.

Glen Garry
(Inverness-shire) Valley of the River Garry which flows east from Loch Quoich to Loch Garry. It belonged to
the MacDonnells of Glengarry. Their chief raised a regiment, the Glengarry Fencibles, in 1774. Between 1802 and 1804 many of the Glengarry Fencibles emigrated to Glengarry County, Ontario, where the regiment was re-formed and fought against the American invaders in the war of 1812.

Glen Isla
The most westerly of the Angus glens, valley of the River
Isla which flows south from Glenshee, eventually joining the River Tay to the east of Coupar Angus. When snow conditions permit, it is popular for Nordic skiing.

Glenkinchie Distillery near Pencaitland, East Lothian, established in 1837. One of the few remaining Lowland distilleries to produce single malt whisky. It has a visitor centre with a Museum of Malt Whisky Production.

Glen Lochay
(Gaelic Gleann Lôchaidh) Valley off the River
Lochay which flows east to Loch Tay at Killin.

Glen Lochy

(Gaelic Gleann Lochaidh) Valley, in Argyll, of the River Lochy which flows southwest to join the River Orchy near Dalmally.

Glen Lyon
(Gaelic Gleann Liobhunn) Perfhshire valley of the River Lyon which flows eastwards from Loch Lyon to join
the Tay between Aberfeldy and Kenmore. The 17th-century Glenlyon House was remodelled for Sir Donald Currie in 1891 by Dunn and Watson from sketches by James Marjoribanks MacLaren, who designed the remarkable Arts and Crafts steading and farmhouse adjoining it.

Glenmorangie Distillery on the Dornoch Firth, to the northwest of Tain, established in 1843, it produces one of the most popular malt whiskies. It has a visitor centre.

Glenmore is just to the north of the Cairngorms. Glenmore
Forest Park is managed by the Forestry Commission; it includes a remnant of the ancient Caledonian pinewoods. The area offers many outdoor activities, including watersports on Loch Morlich. Glenmore Lodge is an outdoor training centre.

Glen Nevis
(Gaelic Gleann Nibheis) Valley of the River Nevis, running west and then northwest below the slopes of Ben Nevis,
with the main starting point for its climbers at the entrance to the glen. It was used forfilming scenes from Mel Gibson’s Braveheart. A visitor centre provides information on the history and wildlife of the area.

Glen Ogle
(Gaelic Gleann Oguil) Leads 7 miles northwest
wards from Lochearnhead, following the course of the River Ogle. The main A85 road passes through the glen, and the former Callendar and Oban Railway through the glen is now a cycleway.

Glen Orchy
(Gaelic Gleann Urchaidh) Valley which carries the River Orchy from Bridge of Orchy to the head of Loch Awe.
The Campbells of Glenorchy later became Earls of Breadalbane.

Glen Prosen
OGne of the Angus glens, carrying the Prosen Water
to join the South Esk at the foot of Glen Clova.

Glen Roy
(Gaelic Gleann Ruaidh) Valley of the River Roy which flows
south to join the River Spean at Roy Bridge. At the end of the Ice Age the valley contained a loch, and its reced-
ing levels are marked by the ‘Parallel Roads’, 3 terraces on the slopes on either side.

Glen Sannox
(Gaelic Gleann Shanaig) Valley on the island of Arran, leading down trom the mountain Cir Mhor to Sannox Ray on the nocrtheast coast of the island. Barytes was formerly mined there.

Glenshee
(Gaelic Gleann Sith) Dramatic valley reaching northwards trom Blairgowrie into the Grampian mountains, containing one of Scotland's leading ski centres, based largely
on the Cairnwell and Meall Odhar. The A93 runs through the
glen and over the Cairnwell Pass to the nocrth.

Glen Shiel
(Gaelic Gleann Seile) Valley running southeastwards
from Loch Duich to Loch Cluanie, between the Five Sisters of Kintail and the Saddle, making it a popular area for hillwalking and climbing. A battle took place here in 1719 Risings.

Glen Shira
(Gaelic Gleann Siora) Valley of the River Shira which
flows southwestwards into Loch Fyne north of Inveraray. At the top are reservoirs forming part of a large hydroelectric scheme. Lower down is the ruin of a house where Rob Roy lived in exile for several years.

Glentanar
(Gaelic Gleann Tanar) Fccrested valley, running
southwest from Aboyne, Aberdeenshire. The Glentanar estate offers walking and fishing for tourists.

Glen Tilt
(Gaelic Gleann Teilt) Valley of the River Tilt, eroded
along a major geological fault; it flows in a southwestery direction from the Cairngorms to join the River Garry at Blair Atholl.

Glentrool
Valley of the Water of Trool which flows from Loch Trool southwest to join the River Cree 9 miles north of Newton Stewart. The Glen Trool Forest Park forms part of the
extensive Galloway Forest Park. The village of Glentrool is at the western end. The Southern Upland Way passes through the Glen. The Battle of Glentrool took place in April 1307 when Robert I defeated an English force. It was also the site of the killing of 6 Covenanters in January 1685.

Glen Urquhart
Valley of the River Enrick which flows southeast and then east through Loch Meikle to Loch Ness at Drumnadrochit.

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