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Fife To America

Fife To America

The Fife name can be found in Texas and there is also Fife Lake in Michigan.

Balmuto Castle This is a 15c.tower house, which lies about 3m west of Kirkcaldy, and 3m north west of Kinghorn. When the castle fell into disrepair Balmuto House was built beside the ruin. After the Second World War, the house was removed and an American law professor from Boca Raton, Florida, called Harry Arthur Boswell (d.1990), bought the 15th century ruin and restored it to its former glory. He also created water landscapes and formal gardens containing thousands of varieties of native and exotic species at Balmuto. Mr. Boswall was a descendant of Sir John Boswall of Balgregre, who built the castle. The castle is said to be haunted by the ghost of Sir Alexander Boswell who died there on 26 March 1822 after a duel with a descendant of the Earl of Moray.

Carnbee Village 3m north west of Anstruther and birthplace of Robert Dunbar (1812-1890) who became an engineer and inventor. He emigrated first to Dunbarton,Canada, which had been founded by his grandfather and then moved to Buffalo, New York where he established an ironworks. He specialised in grain elevator designs.

Carskerdo Small farm settlement c.5 miles north of Leven. Birthplace of James Wilson (1742-1798) who emigrated to Philadelphia in 1765 where he taught in the College of Philadelphia. He signed the Declaration of Independence and helped to work out the American Constitution. He was also Associate Justice of the US Supreme Court (1789-1798) and first Professor of Law at Pennsylvania University from 1790.

Crail Small fishing town 2m south west of Fife Ness. Places of interest include a 16c tolbooth and several old houses which have been restored by the National Trust For Scotland. Birthplace of George Anderson Gay (b.1854) who emigrated to America in 1871 and found employment in a dry goods store in Connecticut. He advanced in the business to become the senior partner in Brown, Thomson and Co., one of the largest and most successful department stores in Connecticut. In 1913, he gifted the grounds known as Fountain Park to his hometown of Crail. The adjoining ground had been a bleaching green, which had been allowed to become overgrown with brambles. The town council transformed the entire area into beautiful public gardens known as Victoria Gardens and Mr Gay also gave an endowment for their maintenance. John Guthrie, a cousin of Mr Gay, officially presented them to the town on 1 July 1914.

Culross Small town on the north side of the River Forth, 7m west of Dunfermline. Places of interest include Culross Palace; remains of Culross Abbey and several National Trust For Scotland properties, which display fine examples of 16c and 17c Scottish domestic architecture. Birthplace of Dr. John Moultrie, the first citizen to attain the degree of M.D. from the university of Edinburgh and who emigrated to America in 1733, settling in Charleston. One of the founders of the St. Andrews Society of Charleston and its President in 1760. Later he became Governor of East Florida.

Dunfermline Historic town 13m north west of Edinburgh, across the Firth of Forth. Dunfermline Abbey was the burial place of several Scottish kings, including Robert the Bruce and also contains the shrine of St. Margaret, wife of Malcolm III. Other places of interest include Pittencrieff Park, Abbot House Heritage Centre and Dunfermline Palace. Birthplace of philanthropist Andrew Carnegie (1835-1918), son of a linen weaver. The family emigrated to Pittsburgh in 1848 and Andrew worked his way up through many jobs including railroad developer to the iron and steel industry where he became Steel King of America and one of the richest men of his time. He founded hundreds of free libraries as well as schools and colleges and established trusts and foundations worldwide. In 1903 he bought and gifted to the people of Dunfermline, the Pittencrieff estate. Rumour has it that as a small boy he would gaze through the iron railings opposite his house into Pittencrieff Glen and promised that if he ever had enough money he would buy it for the townsfolk to enjoy. He died in 1918 and was buried in Lenox, Massachusetts. You can visit his birthplace museum in Moodie Street and the world’s first Carnegie Library at 1 Abbot Street. Birthplace also of the following: Andrew Smith Hallidie (b.1836), the inventor of steel-wire rope making and the ‘Hallidie Ropeway’ which led to the introduction of cable railroads. He also built San Francisco’s first cable-car in 1873; Alexander Bruce Adam (b.1839) who emigrated to America in 1859 and began his business career, becoming President of Edson, Keith & Co., Chicago’s wholesale millinery house; John Reid (1840-1916) who emigrated to America in 1866. He is credited with starting the first golf club in the USA. He began playing golf in a field near his home in Yonkers with some friends and from this grew the famous St. Andrews Golf Club, Westchester Co. New York; General John Forbes (1710-1759), at Pittencrieff estate, who became the founder of the city of Pittsburgh.

Leslie Small town 2m north west of Glenrothes. The name can be found in Arkansas, Georgia, Idaho, Kentucky, Michegan and Missouri. Lochgelly Small town 7m south west of Glenrothes. The name can be found in West Virginia. Birthplace of William Chisholm (b.1825), who settled in Cleveland in 1852. He organised the Union Steel Company of Cleveland in 1871 and invented new machinery for the industry and demonstrated the practicality of making screws from Bessemer steel. Henry Chisholm, his brother, introduced steel-making into Cleveland and was known as "The Father of Cleveland".

Newburgh Small town on the south bank of the Firth of Tay, 9m west of Cupar. The name can be found in Indiana and New York.

St. Andrews Historic university town 11m south east of Dundee, across the Firth of Tay and 9m east of Cupar. The university, founded in 1411, is Scotland's oldest. The Royal and Ancient Golf Club, the ruling authority on the game of golf, is based here. Some places of interest are St. Andrews Castle, St. Andrews Cathedral, Sea-Life Centre and a Golf Museum. Birthplace of the following: John Baine (d. c.1790), who established the first type foundry in America in 1787; James Berwick Forgan (1852-1924), a banker of national reputation, who emigrated first to Canada before settling in Minnesota in 1885. He became President of the First National Bank of Chicago; William Saunders (1822-1900), who came to Washington D.C. in 1862 and designed and laid out several large estates throughout America, including the park-garden system of Washington D.C., Fairmount & Hunting Parks, Philadelphia and the National Cemetery at Gettysburg. He introduced the eucalyptus tree into California and Japanese satsuma oranges which greatly improved the American citrus industry.



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