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The First Railways

Caledonian Railway Engine

The first railway in Scotland for which an act of parliament was obtained was that between Kilmarnock and Troon (93/4 m), opened in 1812, and worked by horses. A similar railway, of which the chief source of profit was the passenger traffic, was opened between Edinburgh and Dalkeith in 1831, branches being afterwards extended to Leith and Musselburgh.

By 1840 the length of the railway lines for which bills were passed was 1913/4 m, the capital being £3,122,133. The chief companies were the Caledonian, formed in 1845; the North British, of the same date; the Glasgow and South-Western, formed by amalgamation in 185o; the Highland, formed by amalgamation in I865; and the Great North of Scotland, 1846.



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