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Argyll To America

Argyll To America

The name Argyll is also found in Illinois.

Arrochar A village at the head of Loch Long on the east side of the loch, 1m west of Tarbet on loch Lomond and 13m north of Helensburgh. The name is found in New York.

Campbeltown A town and port 11m north east of the Mull of Kintyre and 30m south of Tarbert. Birthplace of the following: Hugh Brackenridge (1748-1816), who settled in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania in 1782. He became a judge of the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania and also editor of the "United States Magazine". Lionel Chalmers M.D. (b.c.1715), who emigrated to Carolina as a child. He became a doctor and ran a successful practice for more than 40 years. He was also the author of a number of medical works. Charles MacAlester (1765-1832), a merchant and entrepreneur. He emigrated to America c.1764 and settled in Philadelphia in 1786. He was a commander of merchant ships before buying his own fleet and becoming a successful trader with the East Indies and with Europe. He became President of the Insurance Company of the state of Pennsylvania and was also founder of Mariners Chandlers of Philadelphia.

Cardross A village on the north side of the Firth of Clyde, 3m north west of Dumbarton. It was here than King Robert the Bruce died in 1329. Birthplace of Hugo Reid (1810-1852), one of the early settlers in San Gabriel, California who became one of the most influential men on the west coast. He went into business in 1834 in Los Angeles selling all manners of things. In 1837 he married Dona Victoria, an Indian girl and through his writings, helped to promote a better treatment of native peoples and their struggle for justice. He was elected to a convention to decide the future borders of California within the US and served on the Boundary Commission. He also helped to frame state laws and reform the education system. He is recognised as one of the founding fathers of modern California and was nicknamed "Scotch-Paisano". He died in Los Angeles in 1852.

Helensburgh A town on the north shore of the Firth of Clyde, 8m north west of Dumbarton and birthplace of television pioneer John Logie Baird. Birthplace of two Hollywood stars: Jack Buchanan (1890-1957), who appeared in silent films, musical comedies and also starred on Broadway. He was famous for his debonair and elegant appearance and remembered as Britain's greatest song and dance man. He also produced several films and directed one. Deborah Kerr (b.1921), who began her career as a dancer before graduating to acting. During World War Two she made many British classic films but is best remembered for Hollywood epics like "The King and I" and "From Here to Eternity". In 1994 she was given a Lifetime Achievement Oscar.

Holy Loch An inlet opening from the Firth of Clyde running up to Ardbeg from Strone Point on the north and Hunter's Quay on the south. Site on an American Polaris submarine naval base for thirty years until 1992 when it became obsolete through a combination of the advent of larger nuclear submarines and the fall of the Berlin Wall. The area was once dubbed "Little America".

Islay An island, most southerly of the Inner Hebrides, which lies off the southwest coast of Jura. Port Ellen is the chief town and port. Birthplace of the following: John Campbell (1653-1728), who became postmaster of Boston. In April 1704 he published the first issue of the first regular paper in America, the "Boston Newsletter". Alexander McDougall (1732-1786). He was born in the parish of Kildalton His family left Scotland when he was still a child and settled at Fort Edward, New York, before moving to New York City in 1740. He became a Major-General in GeorgeWashington's Continental Army in the War of Independence and a leader of the "Sons of Liberty". He was the first person to be imprisoned for speeches in favour of separatism. He later became the first President of the Bank of New York. In 1807 the Community Council named a New York street in his honour. Another Alexander McDougall (1845-1923) emigrated first to Canada in 1854 before settling in Chicago c.1859. He was a shipbuilder on the Great Lakes and in 1892 built the first steamship in the Pacific North West. He also founded Everett Washington Hydro- Electrics.

Knapdale An area of Argyll bound by the Crinan Canal to the north, east and west and Loch Tarbert to the south. It is mainly moorland with some small lochs. Birthplace of Dr. David Mercer (1802-1873), who became an army surgeon in the American Civil War.

Lismore A long narrow island in Loch Linnhe, extending 10m from Rubha Fiart in the north east to a point opposite Port Appin on the mainland. Birthplace of Archie Cameron (b.1813), who emigrated to America in 1842 and settled in Charleston. He founded the Phoenix Iron Works machine shop and built steam engines designed for fire fighting. However, the local authority was reluctant to use the new-fangled engine and prevented a Bill which would have granted a charter to the Charleston Fire Engine Co. to introduce its use in their service. Fate took a hand however, when on the 11 December 1861 a Negro campfire got out of control and fire spread through the town. Hand pumps couldn’t cope with the volume of work and the new machine had to be brought into operation to prevent a total disaster. The laws were then revised allowing Cameron’s invention to become a vital part of the fire-fighting force.

Mull An island in the Inner Hebrides which lies opposite the entrance to Loch Linnhe, off the west coast of the Scottish mainland. The chief town is Tobermory. One of the tourist attractions is the Mull and West Highland Railway, Scotland’s only island passenger tourist railway, operating between Craignure and Torosay Castle. Birthplace of Lachlan MacGillivray, who became a trader in Georgia. He married a French-Indian lady by whom he had a son, Alexander (1759-1793). He eventually returned to Scotland but his son remained in America and became Chief of the Creek Indians. The birthplace also of Alexander McLeod (1774-1833), who emigrated to America and settled in New York in 1792. He became Pastor of the First Reformed Church and was a powerful preacher. He was a great defender of human rights and spoke out against slavery before it was fashionable to do so and received several death threats. He was one of the pioneers of the American Civil Rights Movement long before Martin Luther King. He died in New York City.

Rothesay The chief town and port on the Isle of Bute, 7m west of Wemyss Bay, across the Firth of Clyde. Birthplace of the Rev. Hugh Black (1868-1953), who was Professor of Practical Theology in the Union Theological Seminary, New York from 1906-1938. He was recognised as one of the great preachers of his time. The birthplace also of painter, Leslie Hunter (1877-1931), one of the Scottish Colourists, who emigrated with his family to California and became a magazine illustrator in San Francisco.

Southend A village in Kintyre, 8m south of Campbeltown. Birthplace of John Greenlee (1791-1882), who emigrated to America in 1836. He was the founder of Argyle in Illinois, where he and his family became the first Scots to settle permanently in the area. There is a commemorative bust of him in Willow Creek Church there. He died in Belvidere, Illinois.

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