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Highlands To America

Highlands To America

The name Highlands is also found in California, Illinois, Indiana and Pennsylvania.

Raits Of Badenoch. The district around Kingussie, crossed by the River Spey. Birthplace of General Lachlan McIntosh (1727-1806), who emigrated to Georgia c.1740. He was Second-in-Command of the American Army at Savannah during the War of Independence and was appointed Commander-In-Chief of the Western Dept by George Washington in 1778. McIntosh County in Georgia is named after his family.

Canisbay, Caithness A village on the north coast of Caithness District, 4m west of Duncansby Head. Birthplace of Col. James Innes who emigrated to America in 1734. He was appointed Commander-In-Chief of the expeditionary forces to Ohio in 1754. He later founded a school in North Carolina. Birthplace also of Anstruther Davidson (b.1860) who became an Associate Professor of Dermatology at the University of Southern California and a distinguished botanist and entomologist.

Cromarty A small town with a harbour in Ross and Cromarty District. It lies on the south side of the entrance to the Cromarty Firth, 15m north east of Inverness. Places of interest include the National Trust for Scotland property, eminent geologist, Hugh Miller’s Cottage Museum. Birthplace of distinguished preacher, Robert MacKenzie (b.1845), who emigrated to America in 1866. He was Pastor of the First Presbyterian Church, San Francisco, 1886-1901 and President of the San Francisco Theological Seminary 1909-1910. Birthplace also of explorer, Donald MacKenzie (1783-1851) .He emigrated to New York and became involved in the fur trade and founded the Northwest Fur Company. He later went to work for John Jacob Astor’s American Fur Co. where he was highly valued for his expertise. He was fluent in the native languages and acted as scout and interpreter in fur trading expeditions. He was immortalised in a Washington Irving novel.

Dornoch A small town in Sutherland district on the north shore of the Dornoch Firth, 12m east of Bonar Bridge. Places of interest include Dornoch Cathedral where Hollywood stars Madonna and Guy Ritchie had their child, Rocco, baptised and Dornoch Craft Centre. Birthplace of George Forbes, coachman to the aristocracy, who emigrated to Massachusetts in 1885 and continued his former career, becoming coachman to Congressman George Weymouth.

Glencoe A village at the foot of Glen Coe Valley and scene of the infamous massacre of the Macdonald clan in 1752. The name can be found in Illinois and Minnesota.

Invergordon A small town and port on the north shore of the Cromarty Firth, in Ross and Cromarty District, 11m north east of Dingwall. Birthplace of John Ross Bremner (b.1870), who emigrated to New York in 1892, becoming a US citizen in 1897. He founded a furniture, upholstery and international decorating business and became President of the firm in 1908.

Inverness A town situated 105m north west of Aberdeen and 113m north west of Edinburgh. The Caledonian Canal passes to the west of the town. Places of interest include Inverness Castle. The name is found in California, Florida, Illinois, Mississippi and Montana. Birthplace of the following: John MacDonald (b.c.1747) who settled near Chattanooga, Tennessee where he married Ann Shorey, the daughter of a fellow Scot and his Cherokee wife. He was the grandfather of John Ross, Chief of the Cherokee nation. Scholar and ecumenist, John Alexander Mackay (1889-1983) who was President of Princeton Theological Seminary, 1936-1959. Alexander Bissett Munro (b.1793), who emigrated first to the West Indies where he eventually owned a coffee and cotton plantation. From there he developed trading links with Boston before settling in Round Pond, Maine, where he became the district postmaster. John Patterson (b.1831) who was employed as a compositor and printer in Scotland before emigrating to New York in 1853. He continued in his old occupation in America but also became known as a talented poet. William Frazer Tolmie, who was officially employed as a physician and surgeon in the Hudson Bay Company. He was the first person to collect plants from the lower slopes of Mt. Rainier in 1833.

Kinlochleven A small town in Lochaber district, situated at the head of Loch Leven. Birthplace of Ian Kinloch McGregor (b.1912), a business executive who emigrated to the USA in 1941 and was seconded to work with the US army. He later developed a successful business career in the USA.

Loch Fannich Located in Ross and Cromarty district, 18m west of Dingwall. Birthplace of Duncan Phyfe (1768-1854), who emigrated to Albany, New York in 1783 and became a cabinetmaker. He moved to New York and started his own business in the early 1790’s, becoming New York’s most important furniture maker and designer. He was one of the first to use mahogany wood and specialised in tables, chairs and sofas. He was known as "The Last of the Great Georgians" and also "The American Chippendale". He died in Brooklyn, New York.

Nairn A small town and royal burgh, 7m east of Fort George. It is a former fishing port with a harbour built by famous engineer, Thomas Telford. Birthplace of William MacMillan, who laid out the public parks of Buffalo.

North Kessock A village in Ross and Cromarty district, on the north shore of Beauly Firth, opposite Inverness. Birthplace, at Belfield House, of George Henry MacKenzie (1837-1891), who won the London Chess Tournament in 1862. He emigrated to the USA in 1863 and had a brief stint in the 83rd New York Infantry, distinguishing himself in the Civil War. Later he became a professional chess player and dominated the New York chess scene for many years, winning the American Chess Championship in 1880. Sadly his career proved precarious and he suffered financial difficulties. He died of pneumonia in Cooper Union Hotel, New York.

Petty A settlement about ½ mile south of Fyvie. Birthplace of sailor, John Clark (1758-1833), who settled in the backwoods of South Carolina before moving to Georgia where he became a Methodist preacher. He became a travelling evangelist and was well known for preaching against slavery. He moved to Illinois and became a schoolteacher and also joined a group called the "Friends of Humanity" which was outspoken in its campaign against slavery. He died at St. Louis, Missouri in 1833.

Skibo Castle Former Viking stronghold and residential seat of the bishops of Caithness and Sutherland, the castle is located in Sutherland, 4m west of Dornoch. The site was bought and rebuilt in 1898, by philanthropist Andrew Carnegie, who made his fortune in the steel industry in Pittsburgh. He spent a fortune transforming the castle into a lavish place where he entertained the rich and famous of the day. It is now owned by millionaire businessman, Peter de Savary who has established the expensive "Carnegie Club" there for selected guests. This club has become synonymous with celebrity seclusion and in December 2000, superstar Madonna held her wedding to Guy Ritchie at this Highland hideaway.

Sutherland An area in the north of Scotland, bounded by the Atlantic Ocean on the west and north, by Caithness on the north east and by the Dornoch Firth on south east. Birthplace of Charles McKay who explored northern Utah in 1825 while on a trapping expedition and discovered the Great Salt Lake, paving the way for the colonisation of the Great Basin by later pioneers.

Tain Small town and royal burgh in Ross and Cromarty district, 10m north east of Invergordon. Birthplace of cattleman, Murdo MacKenzie (1850-1939) who was manager of the Prairie Cattle Company in 1876 and in 1891 became manager of the Matador Land and Cattle Co. He was President of the American Livestock Corporation 1904-1911. He was described by President Theodore Roosevelt as the most influential of western cattlemen and was appointed by him to the National Commission for Conservation of Natural Resources. He died in Denver, Colorado. Birthplace also of John Ross, who emigrated to Pennsylvania and became the purchasing agent for the Continental Army in the War of Independence. He was also a member of the Parliamentary State Legislature in 1802.

Thurso A small town 18m north west of Wick. It is the most northerly town on the British mainland. Birthplace of James McKay (b.1808), a sea captain who emigrated to America and was a blockade runner in the Civil War and head of the Fifth Commissary District for the Confederate Army. He founded Tampa in Florida and became a successful investor in real estate and set up a general store. He also bought two schooners and began shipping cattle to Cuba, the first American entrepreneur to do so. Donald Manson (b.1839) was also born in Thurso. He left Scotland for America at the beginning of the Civil War and served three years in the U.S. navy. He eventually became one of New York's most famous carpenters and cabinetmakers. Another Thurso native was Arthur St. Clair (1736-1818). He emigrated to America in 1758 and settled in Boston in 1759. After his marriage in 1764 he moved to Bedford, Pennsylvania. He was an aide to George Washington at Brandywine and President of the Continental Congress in 1787. He was also 1st Governor of the North West Territory 1788-1802 and one of the founders of the iron industry in Pittsburgh. He died in a log cabin on Chestnut Ridge, Pennsylvania.

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