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Roman Camps in Wales and the MarchesRoman Camps in Wales and the Marches The Roman army in Britain left a rich archaeological legacy in the form of permanently occupied installations such as legionary fortresses, auxiliary forts and frontier works. Less well-known are those field-works built by the army on campaign, marching-camps, or as part of its rigorous training regimes, namely practice-works. This volume presents a detailed study of these lesser-known field entrenchments in Wales and the Marches, a region which for a generation from the mid-first century AD became the focus of operations in southern Britain. Thereafter, complexes of practice-works in the vicinity of permanently occupied military bases illustrate the importance of the region to the training regimes of the provincial army. This volume presents a detailed description of those varied camps recorded in Wales and the Marches in the form of a gazetteer, together with plans of all accessible sites, thereby complementing those already published for most of England by the RCAHME. The camps are discussed against the background of Roman military castramentation and tactics on a wide chronological and geographical front, with specific reference to the story of early campaigning in this western region, as well as the subsequent garrisoning phase, as illustrated by a combination of literary and archaeological evidence.

Roman WalesRoman Wales (Pocket Guides) The Roman period in Wales was of exceptional importance in the development of the country and left a lasting historical and archaeological legacy. This fully illustrated Pocket Guide: Roman Wales is the first study of this period aimed at the general reader. Beginning with the Iron Age background, this wide-ranging and accessible book traces the history and development of Roman Wales from the conquest to the collapse of the Roman administration and the rise of the independent Christian kingdoms of Wales. It also looks at the military occupation, the cities, especially Caerwent, smaller rural settlements, life in the countryside and villas of south-east Wales, and the evidence for industry including mining and pottery production.

Dolaucothi-Pumsaint Dolaucothi, near the modern village of Pumsaint in south-west Wales, is the only site in Britain where the Romans are known to have mined for gold. The main workings, which are thought to span various phases of exploitation from the pre-Roman through to the present, can be traced over a distance of more than a kilometre. This volume reports on a series of archaeological investigations carried out at this important complex over a period of 12 years, from 1987 to 1999. These investigations have helped to clarify several aspects of the mine's development, the technologies involved, and the impact of the mines on the wider cultural and environmental landscape during the later 1st and 2nd centuries, when the Romans had a major presence in the Dolaucothi area. The volume includes reports on: the new excavations and survey of the Roman fort and vicus at the village of Pumsaint; the excavation and survey of various leat systems which supplied water to the mines; excavations in the vicinity of a possible mill complex, which revealed new evidence about ore crushing and processing; the geophysical survey of the east side of the fort at Pumsaint, which new evidence for an extensive area of civilian settlement; excavations in the vicinity of a possible bath-house; geophysical survey and excavation in the vicinity of the Roman road from Llandovery to Pumsaint, which revealed further evidence of civilian settlement; and an overview of the recent detailed surface survey of the mine workings. The authors also provide a history of previous excavations and research at the site.

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