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Barsalloch Fort. The fort is formed by a deep ditch with a mound on each side; in horseshoe form. The ditch measures 33 feet in width by 12 feet in depth. Located on the hill above the road at Barsalloch Point, west of Monreith, Wigtownshire, Scotland.

Big Balcraig and Clachan. Two groups of cup-and-ring engravings of the Bronze Age carved on the natural rock. Located east of Port William, Wigtownshire, Scotland.

Castle Kennedy, Stranraer, Wigtownshire. All that remains of this 15th Century castle are some ruins and the gardens which surround the present-day Lochinch Castle. These stand on a peninsula between the Black and White Lochs. It was originally the seat of the Kennedy family, passed to the Stairs in the 17th Century, and was eventually destroyed by fire in 1716. The gardens are worth visiting, as they were laid out by the second Earl of Stair, who was inspired by Versailles. Today, after a long period of neglect, they have been restored to their original beauty and contain many rare plants. The gardens belong to the Earl and Countess of Stair.

Chapel Finian. A small chapel or oratory probably of tenth or eleventh century date set within a sub-rectangular enclosure of about 50 feet wide. The chapel is rectangular in plan and only the foundations and lower walls remain. In general appearance the building suggests comparisons with the small early chapels found notably in Ireland. Located five miles north-west of Port William on the main Glenluce road, Wigtownshire, Scotland.

Drumtroddan. A group of cup-and-ring markings of Bronze Age date on a natural rock face, and 400 yards to the south an alignment of three adjacent surviving stones, two upright and one now fallen. Located on Drumtroddan Farm, just north-east of Port William on the Wigtown road. Wigtownshire, Scotland.

Glenluce Abbey. A Cistercian house founded in 1192 by Roland, Earl of Galloway. The ruins occupy a site of great beauty and are in themselves of much architectural distinction and interest. The abbey church is in the First Pointed style, and there is a fine vaulted chapter-house, dating from the later fifteenth century. Of the church, the south aisle and the south transepts are the principal remains. There are some interesting tombstones. Located two miles north-west of Glenluce village, Wigtownshire.

Kirkmadrine Church. At this lonely church are three of the earliest Christian monuments in Britain, showing the Chi-Rho symbol and inscriptions dating from the fifth or early sixth century. Located, In the Rhinns of Galloway, south-west of Sandhead and south of Stranraer. Wigtownshire.

Rispain Camp. A rectangular enclosure defined by double banks and ditches. Probably a medieval homestead site. Located one mile west of Whithorn near Rispain Farm, Wigtownshire, Scotland.

St. Ninian's Cave. This cave is traditionally associated with the Saint who established the first Christian Church in Scotland in the early fifth century. It might well have been his place of retreat, as within there has been found a fine assemblage of early Christian crosses, now displayed in the museum attached to Whithorn Priory. Located. Physgill, on the coast four miles south-west of Whithorn. Footpath from Kidsdale Farm, Wigtownshire, Scotland.

St. Ninian's Chapel. The ruins of a chapel of thirteenth century date. Excavations have, failed to produce evidence of an earlier church. The chapel is a simple rectangle on plan. It had a doorway in the south wall, a pointed arched window in the north wall and a larger arched window in the east wall. The exterior is quite plain. The chapel stood within an enclosing wall, of which evidence is still visible. On the point of the promontory may be seen the earthworks of an Iron Age fort. Located, The Isle of Whithorn, about five miles south-east of Whithorn, Wigtownshire, Scotland.

On any map of Canada the northern part of that huge country appears as a vast area with few place names, but a number of these were inspired by Wigtownshire, a tiny county in southwest Scotland. The reason can be attributed to one man, Rear Admiral Sir John Ross, who was born at Balsarroch, near Stranraer, Wigtownshire, in June 1777.

Stranraer Castle. The Castle of St John lies in the centre of Stranraer in the far south west of Scotland. The history of the castle and the town are almost completely intertwined.

Torhouse Stone Circle. A circle of 19 boulders standing on the edge of a low mound. Probably Bronze Age. Located about four miles west of Wigtown and some 700 yards south-east of Torhousekie farm, Wigtownshire, Scotland.

Whithorn Priory. A church at Whithorn was founded by St. Ninian in the early fifth century, later dedicated to St. Martin. This was the first Christian church in Scotland. The medieval church was founded by Fergus, Lord of Galloway, in the twelfth century and became the cathedral church of Galloway, served by Premonstratensian canons regular. The ruins are scanty, but the chief feature of interest is the fine Norman doorway of the nave. In the museum are preserved a notable group of early Christian monuments, including the Latinus stone, dating from the fifth century, and the St. Peter Stone, showing a late form of the Christogram or Chi-Rho monogram. Whithorn Priory and Museum, Wigtownshire, Scotland.

Wigtown Scotland`s National Book Town, a book lovers haven, and with over quarter of a million books to choose from, old and new, it is impossible to escape empty handed.

Wild Men and Holy Places. St.Ninian, Whithorn and the Medieval Realm of Galloway. Drawing upon historical research and recent archaeological discoveries, this book brings to life the events and personalities of the ancient realm of Galloway. This mysterious region of South-West Scotland has for centuries attracted pilgrims to its holy places, especially Whithorn, ever since St Ninian founded Candida Casa in the early-Christian era. Galloway's vicissitudes began in Roman times, when the territory was occupied by Britons who had more in common with the people of what is now Wales than they did with their Northern neighbours, the Picts and the Scots. A few centuries later, however, the rulers of Northumbria held sway over Galloway, binding the two provinces in religion and culture. But Galloway's recognition of shared interests was not as strong as its fierce sense of identity. The region stubbornly opposed Anglo-Norman domination, and gave dour resistance to being assimilated into the kingdom of Scotland. In this book, there emerges a dual-natured portrait of Galloway, conveyed in the author's handling of the medieval character. The figures described are men notorious for being savage, lecherous and irreligious; and yet, this in a part of Scotland widely known for its holy shrines. In the past ten years, the number of visitors to Whithorn has increased to 30,000 annually, all of them eager to experience the historical atmosphere and culture of this beautiful area of Wigtownshire. Wild Men and Holy Places: St.Ninian, Whithorn and the Medieval Realm of Galloway.

The Wren's Egg Stone Circle. The remains of a standing stone circle, originally a double concentric ring. Only three stones remain, including the central one. Located three miles south-east of Port William near the farmhouse of Blairbuie, Wigtownshire.



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