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William Speirs Bruce

William Speirs Bruce

Scottish explorer and authority on the polar regions.

He first went to the Antarctic as ship's surgeon in 1892 and later did survey work in Franz Josef Land and oceanographic work in the Arctic Ocean. He led (1902-4) the Scottish National Antarctic Expedition in the Scotia, performing much valuable scientific research in the Weddell Sea and discovering Coats Land. Bruce established a meteorological station on Laurie Island (in the South Orkney group). He edited the reports of the expedition (6 vol.) and wrote Polar Exploration (1911). Bruce made a number of voyages to Spitsbergen and became an authority on the islands. (source The Columbia Encyclopedia)

William Speirs Bruce: Polar Explorer and... Scottish Nationalist. W S Bruce was one of the foremost polar scientists of the heroic Age of polar exploration, yet remains largely unknown. This biography is written to celebrate the centennial anniversary of the Scottish National Antarctic Expedition of 1902-04. This book aims to bring the name of William Speirs Bruce to the fore once again and to examine the nature of Scotland's forgotten hero.

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